BP601T. MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY – ||| (Theory) Hand Writing Notes


Scope: This subject is designed to impart fundamental knowledge on the structure, chemistry and therapeutic value of drugs. The subject emphasis on modern techniques of
rational drug design like quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR), Prodrug
concept, combinatorial chemistry and Computer aided drug design (CADD). The subject
also emphasizes on the chemistry, mechanism of action, metabolism, adverse effects,
Structure Activity Relationships (SAR), therapeutic uses and synthesis of important drugs.

Objectives: Upon completion of the course student shall be able to

1. Understand the importance of drug design and different techniques of drug
2. Understand the chemistry of drugs with respect to their biological activity. 3. Know the metabolism, adverse effects and therapeutic value of drugs.
4. Know the importance of SAR of drugs.
Course Content:
Study of the development of the following classes of drugs, Classification, mechanism of
action, uses of drugs mentioned in the course, Structure activity relationship of selective
class of drugs as specified in the course and synthesis of drugs.


Antibiotics Historical background, Nomenclature, Stereochemistry, Structure activity
relationship, Chemical degradation classification and important products of
the following classes.
β-Lactam antibiotics: Penicillin, Cepholosporins, β- Lactamase inhibitors,
Monobactams Aminoglycosides: Streptomycin, Neomycin, Kanamycin
Tetracyclines: Tetracycline,Oxytetracycline, Chlortetracycline, Minocycline, Doxycycline. 

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Historical background, Nomenclature, Stereochemistry, Structure activity
relationship, Chemical degradation classification and important products of
the following classes.
Macrolide: Erythromycin Clarithromycin, Azithromycin.
Miscellaneous: Chloramphenicol, Clindamycin. Prodrugs: Basic concepts and application of prodrugs design. Antimalarials: Etiology of malaria. Quinolines: SAR, Quinine sulphate, Chloroquine, Amodiaquine, Primaquine phosphate, Pamaquine*, Quinacrine hydrochloride, Mefloquine. Biguanides and dihydro triazines: Cycloguanil pamoate, Proguanil. Miscellaneous: Pyrimethamine, Artesunete, Artemether, Atovoquone.

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Anti-tubercular Agents
Synthetic anti tubercular agents: Isoniozid, Ethionamide, Ethambutol, Pyrazinamide, Para amino salicylic acid.
Anti tubercular antibiotics: Rifampicin, Rifabutin, Cycloserine
Streptomycine, Capreomycin sulphate.
Urinary tract anti-infective agents
Quinolones: SAR of quinolones, Nalidixic Acid,Norfloxacin, Enoxacin,
Ciprofloxacin, Ofloxacin, Lomefloxacin, Sparfloxacin, Gatifloxacin, Moxifloxacin Miscellaneous: Furazolidine, Nitrofurantoin, Methanamine. Antiviral agents:
Amantadine hydrochloride, Rimantadine hydrochloride, Idoxuridine
trifluoride, Acyclovir*, Gancyclovir, Zidovudine, Didanosine, Zalcitabine,
Lamivudine, Loviride, Delavirding, Ribavirin, Saquinavir, Indinavir,

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Antifungal agents:
Antifungal antibiotics: Amphotericin-B, Nystatin, Natamycin, Griseofulvin.
Synthetic Antifungal agents: Clotrimazole, Econazole, Butoconazole,
Oxiconazole Tioconozole, Miconazole, Ketoconazole, Terconazole, Itraconazole, Fluconazole, Naftifine hydrochloride, Tolnaftate. Anti-protozoal Agents: Metronidazole, Tinidazole, Ornidazole, Diloxanide, Iodoquinol, Pentamidine Isethionate, Atovaquone, Eflornithine. Anthelmintics: Diethylcarbamazine citrate, Thiabendazole, Mebendazole, Albendazole, Niclosamide, Oxamniquine, Praziquantal, Ivermectin. 127 Sulphonamides and Sulfones Historical development, chemistry, classification and SAR of Sulfonamides: Sulphamethizole, Sulfisoxazole, Sulphamethizine, Sulfacetamide,
Sulphapyridine, Sulfamethoxaole, Sulphadiazine, Mefenide acetate, Sulfasalazine. Folate reductase inhibitors: Trimethoprim, Cotrimoxazole. Sulfones: Dapsone*.

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B. Pharmacy 5 Semester Notes Pdf

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